After sifting through some Reddit comments today, I found out that there is a lot more to the web then meets the eye. In fact, a whole 7,500 terabytes of data more.
Background - The so called "Deep Web" is the name of the part of the internet that is not indexed by search engines. It is made to be browsed anonymously and therefore you can only access it by a specific method (see below). It uses mainly .onion URL extension and random combinations of letters and numbers for the domain name.
Content - The deep web contains almost everything, if you have the time to look for it. Content on the deep web can be generated per query, and therefore the amount of content it actually has might be greater than you might expect. However, when you combine a completely anonymous way of access and the internet, you obviously end up with a lot of child porn, illegal drug trade, hiring of trained killers, etc. But, if you ignore that stuff, you can find a lot of interesting topics here, and it is also a good way to get a status update on the armpit of society. The main access route to the deep web is known as "The Hidden Wiki." It contains most of the .onion links that you will need to go skinny dipping in the shark tank known as the internet.
Access - Accessing the deep web is entirely up to you. I went on for the first time today, and so far have not had my identity stolen, and no police have shown up at my door. Maybe I am just lucky, maybe this is how it always is. I do, however, HIGHLY recommend you check this place out. It is very interesting, and you get to venture in to a brave new world full of things that will both shock and intrigue you.
With that said, here is all you need to access the deep web:
Tor Browser: https://www.torproject.org/download/download.html.en (download the Tor Browser Bundle)
The Hidden Wiki: http://kpvz7ki2v5agwt35.onion/wiki/index.php/Main_Page (once you have Tor up and running, enter this link in to the browser and prepare yourself)
Enjoy yourself, and remember: STAY SAFE! I cannot stress that enough. I do not know how dangerous this place is, but I do know that bad people lurk around there. Just try not to get too involved with whatever "community" you may find, and you should be fine.